Jian S Dai
Professor and Chair of Mechanisms and Robotics
School of Natural and Mathematical Sciences
King’s College London, University of London, UK
Professor Jian S. Dai, CEng, FIMechE, ASME Fellow, is Chair Professor of Mechanisms and Robotics at King’s College London and a pioneer in reconfigurable mechanisms and robots, in origami robots, in ankle rehabilitation robots and in metamorphic robots. He is currently a leading expert in kinematics, mechanisms theory, evolutionary mechanisms and robots and their applications to health, home and manufacture.
Professor Dai received a BEng in 1982 and an MSc in 1984 from Shanghai Jiao Tong University, and received a PhD in Kinematics and Robotics from the University of Salford in the UK in 1993.
Professor Dai is the recipient of 2015 ASME Mechanisms and Robotics Award that is an honor to engineers and scientists who have made a lifelong contribution to the fundamental theory, design and applications of mechanisms and robotic systems. He is the 27th recipient since the award was established in 1974. Professor Dai received many other awards including 2010 Overall Supervisory Excellence Award by King’s College London, 2012 ASME Outstanding Service Award and 2012 Mechanisms Innovation Award, together with several conference and journal Best Paper awards.
Professor Dai has published three books and over 500 peer-reviewed journal and conference papers, with a large number of citations. He has awarded a large number of Research Council grants including EPSRC, EU, NSFC, and industrial grants. He has educated over 25 PhD students with 10 former PhD students working in faculties in ten leading universities in the UK, Mexico, Australia, Italy, UAE and China.
Kinematics Entails Reconfigurable Mechanisms
As reconfigurable mechanisms and robotics become a global trend in developing a bridge between versatile but expensive robots, and efficient but non-flexible machines, kinematics become the essence in this research direction where all developments can be made from the environments and from the requirements by variation of the mechanisms and by reconfiguration of robots and where all reconfigurability can be pre-designed and predicted from an early stage that mimic nature and evoluation.
This plenary speech will present the study of kinematics and screw theories and their relations to Lie groups and Lie algebra through finite screws that lead to development of reconfigurable mechanisms and robots that are entailed by the theoretical study. The intrinsic theory in the kinematics study provides a foundation of development of reconfigurable mechanisms in their various forms, leading to a two-decade innovation in metamorphic mechanisms, robotic devices and parallel robots. With change of the order of a screw system, the mechanism changes its mobility and presents its different topologies.
The plenary speech will further give the vast applications of the reconfigurable mechanisms and robots in assembly, packaging, food industry, domestic robots, rehabilitation and manufacture, and present the current state of the art of reconfigurable mechanisms and robots.